What is the “opportunity gap”?

What happens outside school affects how students perform in school.  This is a core principle in Boston After School & Beyond’s founding.

With the average formal school day comprising just 20% of a student’s waking hours, large chunks of the day, week, and year are open to engage young people in constructive learning and development activities.

It is well documented, however, that low-income students tend to have far fewer opportunities to learn and develop outside of school.  This “opportunity gap” can be quantified in several ways, including:  family expenditure on programs,  participation in programs, and time spent in learning activities.

Picture12Source: Whither Opportunity?, 2011, Greg Duncan and Richard Murnane, ed., p. 11


Source: U.S. Census Bureau